The Business Models Symposium for the Use of Municipal Solid Wastes in the Cement Sector held in Antalya.
At the “Business Models Symposium for the Use of Municipal Solid Wastes in the Cement Sector” held in Antalya through the cooperation between the Ministry of Environment and Urban Development and Turkish Cement Producers' Association, a roadmap was created by taking a joint decision for the use of the municipal wastes at cement plants and contribution to the Turkish economy indirectly. In the joint statement, the decision about putting the waste treatment facilities in the municipalities with 250 thousand people in our country where more than 400-kg waste is produced per person into service as the first step; creation of an absolute action plan; and granting incentives to the cement sector for the cost obligation was made public.
The cement sector of Turkey that ranks 5th in production and export is creating a significant source of income for the growth and development of Turkey with its 17 thousand 500 employees, 2,8 billion-dollar turnover, and 500 million-dollar export revenue according to the 2016 estimations.
Import, “0;” export, full throttle
Data announced by TÜİK provides that over 1 million-TL of export in the cement sector took place in the initial 11 months of the last year. The cement producers in Turkey exported to approximately 80 countries in 2016; among them, Syria ranked first with more than 1 million tons.
The enterprises of the sector that undersign significant collaborations with the projects implemented by way of energy efficiency policy and generation of energy from waste, in addition to the direct added value created for the country, are also providing substantial indirect damages to the economy of Turkey against the energy purchased from abroad.
In view of that mission, the ministry delegates and experts from Germany, Poland, Bulgaria, and Egypt where the use of wastes is high globally made various presentations at the “Business Models Symposium for the Use of Municipal Solid Wastes in the Cement Sector” held in Antalya through the cooperation between the Ministry of Environment and Urban Development and Turkish Cement Producers' Association (TÇMB).
TÇMB President Tüzün: “Despite the Turkey average of 3,8%, there are our cement plants that utilize alternative fuels at the ratio of 20-25%.”
Giving the inauguration speech of the Symposium that lasted three days, TÇMB President M. Şefik Tüzün stated that the Turkish cement sector that ranks first in cement production in Europe and among the top five in the world was working to render the use of cement sustainable by taking the economic, social, and natural environment issues into account and using all the means presented by technology. Adding that the cement sector contributes significantly to the growth of Turkey with its approximately 17 thousand employees, 3 billion-dollar turnover, and 550 million-dollar export revenue, Tüzün said, "The cement we produce has high competitive power in terms of both quality and price on the global markets. The cement sector substitutes its primary fuel and raw materials with the wastes that are suitable for acceptance criteria. The alternative fuel utilization, which was 88 thousand tons in 2008, reached approximately 600 thousand tons in 2015."
“We have attained 25-percent level as the sector in the alternative fuel use”
At the cement plants in 27 member states of the European Union, approximately 30% of thermal power (nearly 100% in some plants) is provided from wastes. Stating that approximately 3,8% of the thermal power needed by the cement plant in Turkey in 2015 in general average was fulfilled from alternative fuels, Tüzün said, “However, despite the Turkey average of 3,8%, there are our cement plants that utilize alternative fuels at the ratio of 20-25%. 70% of our plants have alternative fuel use license.”
“We will reduce energy import”
Pointing out the fact that with the use of wastes as alternative fuels, the primary fossil fuels like coal, petroleum coke, and lignite will be consumed less and energy import will be declined, Tüzün said, “In this issue that is highly important for our country, collaboration of the respective public institutions and organizations, municipalities, and representatives of the sector is important. Win-win relation and understanding of solution partnership must govern.”
Cement sector girds its loins for 2023
Tüzün stated that through the symposium they have organized, they exchanged opinions for collaborating with the municipalities in the use of solid wastes as alternative fuel in the cement sector and that they would provide substantial contribution to the 2023 targets of Turkey in that sense.
Attending the Symposium, Mustafa Öztürk, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Environment and Urban Development, underlined the fact that the rapid population increase, urbanization, and industrialization have created a significant pressure on the environment. Öztürk added that they were implementing studies within the framework of the respective regulations, in particular the Constitution and Environment Act, and international agreements, under the headings like the protection of the environment, prevention of pollution, environmentally harmonious production, ensuring the product and service circulation, and sustainable development principle.
Öztürk said that they were endeavoring to eliminate the environmental problems inflicted by wastes and to create resources from wastes for the economy and added that “The National Recycling Strategy Action Plan” has been prepared with the participation of all the stakeholders for that purpose and that the works have been planned accordingly.
“We are supporting the works of the cement sector”
Öztürk stated that an arrangement in the Renewable Energy Law was conducted in June, last year, and that the legislation drawn up for the combustion of wastes and use of them in the cement sector in a more comprehensive manner in line with that arrangement would be published in 10 to 15 days. Expressing that the threshold applied currently as 40 percent in the combustion of wastes in the cement industry will be abolished through the arrangement, Öztürk said, "The 40 percent threshold will continue only in the combustion of dangerous wastes; we are removing the 40-percent threshold in other applications. Also in view of the cement industry, our discussions with the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources regarding the electrical energy generation from waste heat are ongoing. We wish the application of an incentive mechanism for the cement plants generating energy from waste heat and using alternative fuels."
“Waste storage is an outdated practice”
Stating that as the Ministry, they are against taking and storing away wastes, Öztürk, said:"Wastes must not be stored anymore; they must be usable as alternative energy source or alternative raw material. You all must do whatever you are obliged to do in relation with it. Still, 6 percent of the municipal wastes incoming to the regular storage facilities are being recovered in our country; 60 percent are managed through storage and 30 percent through irregular storage methods. We must increase the 6-percent ratio to 50 percent. Waste storage is an outdated practice. You must conduct storage when you have no alternative.” Öztürk added that heating of the atmosphere with methane gas will continue through storage and that it will be possible by establishing waste decomposition facilities to ensure the transformation of wastes into energy and reduce the amount of wastes at the storage areas.
An action plan will be created
In the joint statement given subsequent to the Symposium by the representatives of the Ministry of Environment and Urban Development and Turkish Cement Producers' Association, it was specified that the usability of about 7 million-ton wastes at approximately 40 percent in the cement sector as an alternative energy resource has been determined. First, the establishment of waste facilities in the municipalities having the population of 250 thousand people was stipulated. Taking joint decision through sustainable communication in terms of costs and also taking joint steps for the grant of incentives in the use of the waste utilized by the cement sector were also among the resolutions taken.